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It was governed as the plantation economy of British Guiana until independence in 1966, and officially became a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations in 1970.
Guyana is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north, Brazil to the south and southwest, Suriname to the east and Venezuela to the west.
With , Guyana is the fourth-smallest country on mainland South America after Uruguay, Suriname and French Guiana.
More than 300 children were killed; the people were members of a group led by Jim Jones in Jonestown, the settlement which they had created.
Jim Jones's bodyguards had earlier attacked people taking off at a small remote airstrip close to Jonestown, killing five people, including Leo Ryan, the only US congressman ever assassinated in the line of duty.
is a sovereign state on the northern mainland of South America.